The word cocaine is seen as synonymous to the word addiction. Cocaine seems to connote a negative idea and even more, a negative emotion towards people. This substance is known to be easily abused and thus, users eventually become addicted to it and the cycle goes on and on. Like any other drugs, cocaine addiction can harm lives. It changes anyone, his perspectives, his motives, perception, and behaviors.
The substance cocaine is a very potent substance. It came from the coca bush leaves. Cocaine consists of two primary forms. One is the powdery type. It is used for snorting up the nose. The second is freebase, better known as crack cocaine.This is used for smoking. A small percentage of cocaine addiction is done intravenously. When cocaine is snorted, the cocaine powder gets inhaled up into the nose where it is readily absorbed into the bloodstream. Dopamine gets released when cocaine reaches the brain which stimulates feelings of pleasure. Crack cocaine, known as crack, is the name for the smokable form of cocaine. Crack is the street name given to the form of cocaine that has been processed into a smokable drug. Smoking crack cocaine delivers large quantities of the drug to the lungs, giving you an quick and extreme euphoric feeling. The high is usually very intense, but does not last very long. The rocks of crack cocaine are ignited in a crack pipe and the following vapors get deeply inhaled.
Dosage for pleasure reasons crates an individual who will sooner or later turned into a cocaine addict. With repetitive use, the individual becomes lenient with the drug and then becomes dependent with it. The person seemed to be craving for the drug every now and then. Cocaine addiction is characterized as regularly craving for the drug despite the negative consequences of cocaine to the person’s body and mind. The physical signs of cocaine abuse can vary, depending on the person. For one, cocaine works as an appetite suppressant so cocaine abusers often aren’t hungry and end up losing considerable amounts of weight.
With cocaine addiction, the person’s life becomes controlled by the drug. Cocaine addicts are normally not interested with ordinary activities because they only focus on obtaining and taking the drug. Thus, people around these addicts are affected because they act together every day. Cocaine dependence often involves not only habitual cocaine use but also a wide range of dysfunctional behaviors. This can frequently get in the way with normal functioning in the family, workplace and community. Cocaine addiction also can put people at increased threat for a wide variety of other illnesses. These illnesses can be brought on by the addiction type behaviorswhich includes poor living and health habits that often accompany the lifestyle of an addict and the toxic effects of the cocaine itself.
Experts in the field of medicine is focusing their time on the certain drug that can cure cocaine addiction.This certain drug is called the GBR 12909, a compound tested to be used as an antidepressant. With GBR 12909, the patients’ cocaine-seeking attitudes were eliminated within two hours without affecting food-seeking behavior. Studies have shown that both GBR 12909 and cocaine reduce the action of a protein called the dopamine transporter. By inhibiting the transporter, both GBR 12909 and cocaine promote the levels of the pleasure-inducing chemical messenger dopamine outside the nerve cells, a process that increases and prolongs dopamine’s pleasurable effects. However, GBR 12909 acts more gradually and elevates dopamine levels less than does cocaine. By attaching to the dopamine transporter, GBR 12909 also stops cocaine from binding there. GBR 12909’s chemical attractiveness for the transporter is 500 times that of cocaine, so it binds to the transporter and stays there for a long time. While it’s sitting on the transporter, cocaine has no access to the transporter, so the cocaine can no longer act to induce euphoria. The therapy using GBR 12909 should be extended so that the medication to have time to bring the dopamine transporter levels back to where they were before the patient started taking cocaine. The breakthrough in the discovery of GBR 12909 could be a gateway to help cocaine addiction victims in dealing with the problem they are so afraid to face.
Cocaine addiction is quite a hard condition. One should seek medical attention.