Cocaine is a white powder extracted from the coca plant and one of the most highly addictive substances known. There are different ways on how to use cocaine in order for its effects to be felt quickly. This includes snorting the powder and dissolving the powder in water then injecting it intravenously. In the 1970s, freebase cocaine appeared when users developed a method for separating the most potent chemicals in cocaine by heating it with ether. This freebase cocaine is more potent. It is often smoked in a water pipe or is combined in a tobacco or marijuana cigarette. Crack is a form of free-base cocaine that is boiled down into tiny chunks, or rocks, which are usually smoked.
Cocaine activates the ventral tegmental area and the nucleus accumbens, the areas of the brain that register reward and pleasure. Normally, when a pleasurable event occurs, dopamine is released into the synapses in these areas of the brain and then binds to receptors on neighboring synapses. A pleasurable feeling is maintained when the dopamine is accumulated in the synapse when cocaine is taken in because cocaine blocks the reuptake of dopamine into the transmitting neuron .
Initially, cocaine produces a sudden rush of intense euphoria, followed by great self-esteem, alertness, energy, and a general feeling of competence, creativity, and social acceptability. Users often do not feel drugged. Instead, they feel they have become the people they always wanted to be. When taken at high doses or chronically, however, cocaine leads to grandiosity, impulsiveness, hypersexuality, compulsive behavior, agitation, and anxiety, reaching the point of panic and paranoia. Feelings of exhaustion and depression happens after stopping the sue of the substance which is often followed by sleeping for long amounts of time. Users also feel an intense craving for more of the substance, both for its physiological and its psychological effects.
Usually, the use of cocaine starts from taken in heavy dosage of alcohol and cannabis. The unusually fast and strong effects of cocaine on the brain’s reward centers, however, seem to make this substance more likely than most illegal substances to result in patterns of abuse and dependence, even among people who have never been heavy users of any other substances.
The continued rising of different crimes has been often blamed on the using of cocaine. By letting addict to go through a drug rehab, the problems brought about by cocaine addiction is slowly being rid of. As cocaine addiction is on the rise, different drug rehab centers have been sprouting in order to help the cocaine problem. Several treatment and drug rehab programs have been established to be able provide help to those victims of cocaine dependency and addiction. These patients are provided with medical treatment as well as cognitive-behavioral therapies. Moreover, the problem of addiction and dependency do not stop with the elimination of the drug intake. The treatment goes further as teaching the patient a life free from drugs. Other treatment programs include opening of old wounds that might have caused the addiction. There have been cases wherein drug dependency was associated with physical and sexual abuse during childhood. People tend to resort to certain behaviors that may allow them to escape the mere thought of the undesirable experience when they couldn’t handle stressful events.
Cocaine is a highly addictive drug which causes many bad effects that drug rehab is very essential to eradicate the problems of cocaine addiction.