Experts were able to recognize four substance-related conditions . They are substance intoxication, substance withdrawal, substance abuse, and substance dependence. These conditions can be identified by varied criteria. Also, these situations are seen in the context of the substances most generally linked to them. The following categories are grouped by substances:
• Central nervous system depressants which includes alcohol, barbiturates,
benzodiazepines, and inhalants.
• Central nervous system stimulants which includes cocaine, amphetamines,
nicotine, and caffeine.
• Opioids which includes heroin and morphine.
• Hallucinogens and phencyclidine (PCP)
Central nervous system depressants directly affect the central nervous system which produces the symptoms of depression and cognitive impairment. The activation of the central nervous system and the parts of the brain that registers pleasures is the effect of taking in central nervous system stimulants. Euphoria, lethargy, unconsciousness, and seizures are the effects of taking in opioids. This substance is also highly addictive. Hallucinogens and phencyclidine (PCP) produce perceptual illusions and distortions ad symptoms ranging from a sense of peace and tranquility to feelings of unreality and violence. On the other hand, the feelings of being high, impairments on cognitive and motor skills, and sometimes, experience of hallucination are the effects of taking in cannabis. These substances once taken in can result to intoxication, withdrawal, abuse, and dependence .
There are many other substances used for intoxicating effects that more rarely lead to substance-related-disorders. Muscle relaxants, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, antidepressant medications, lead, rat poisons with strychnine, pesticides, nerve gas, antifreeze, carbon monoxide, and carbon dioxide are some example of these substances. There are some people who might experience significant problems in cognition and mood, anxiety, hallucinations, delusions, and seizures when taking in these substances although mostly, these kind of substances gives no psychoactive effects or only mild and transient effects. These people may be given the diagnosis of other substance-related disorder.
One should be quickly wary whenever one happens to know someone who is intoxicated . Intoxication is already alarming because if not quickly attended to can lead withdrawal, abuse, or much worse, dependence. Nevertheless, drug rehab is there to help you deal with abuse and dependence once the intoxication has not been helped.
In order for a drug addicted individual to function well again, drug rehab is the process of assisting someone to improve and recover from drug addiction. Whenever drug addiction is present, drug rehab is one of the most important processes to consider. Drug rehab is very useful to help drug dependent individuals. Drug abusers and drug dependents can be helped by the different methods of drug rehab. Drug rehabilitation uses different techniques in order to do such helping. There are many places where one can get a dose of drug rehab help. One can consult the local and medical psychiatric societies. One can also have an appointment over one’s university medical affiliated programs which are mostly hospital affiliated. In one’s search for drug rehab, there are much better ways in order to help an individual. One can start to join a health maintenance organization. One has access to different specialist by paying a monthly price compared to paying a per service fee when one decides to join a health maintenance organization. Whenever things go wrong, one will have the assurance.
Drug rehab is important in order to deal with the negative consequences produced by substance-related disorders.