Cocaine is one of the most highly addictive substance ever produced. This substance turns on the ventral tegmental area and the nucleus accumbens. These are the areas of the brain that chronicles reward and pleasure. Dopamine gets released connecting to a receptor once a pleasurable event happens. The use of cocaine impedes the reuptake of dopamine. This causes the dopamine to mount up in an area in the brain. This maintains the feeling of pleasure.
An extreme elation is felt very rapidly when one is in drug addiction using cocaine. This results to a personl with very high self-esteem, energetic, and the feeling of greatly accepted socially. Cocaine users claimed that they do not feel being drugged but rather they feel that they have become the person they always wanted. With high doses, cocaine use directs to negative behaviors such as impulsivity, compulsivity, and a high level of anxiety. After the effect of the substance wears off, a sensation of tiredness and depression sets in. A great amount of sleeping would then follow. As a psychological and physiological effect, there is a powerful desire for the substance. Studies have shown that alcohol use and marijuana use are the starting point of cocaine addiction.
The effect of cocaine wears off very fast. This would make a cocaine user to take regular doses to maintain the effect of cocaine. A tolerance would sooner or later follow this set-up. Tolerance means the drug user would yearn for larger amount of cocaine to reach the usual effects he experiences.
Before the 1970s, cocaine was very expensive. Only wealthy individuals were able to buy this drug. Then suddenly, cocaine’s price was reduced. Then , rich or poor was able to acquire any amount of cocaine. Now, in the United States of America, about 11 percent of people have tried cocaine at least on one occasion in their lives. This fast decrease of cocaine’s cost lead to its pervasive use. Rich and poor have now access in using cocaine. However, in spite of cocaine’s price reduction, the problem of increasing dosage is still money to pay. Most cocaine addicts are teenagers who don’t have a stable job. These teenagers resort theft or prostitution to obtain money use to purchase cocaine. This is a kind of extreme anxiety that makes an individual take on extremely dangerous behaviors. According to recent studies, HIV is one of the highest percentage that these cocaine users have in common.
There are two set of symptoms in cocaine addiction. The first set is the so-called intoxication symptoms. Part of intoxication symptoms are the rapid beating of your heart, your pupils dilating, nausea, elevated or lowered blood pressure, perspiring or chilling, psychomotor agitation, vomiting, weight loss, chest pain, slowed breathing, muscular weakness, seizures, and changes in your behavior such as affective blunting, changes in sociability, anxiety, hypervigilance, impaired judgment, anger and interpersonal sensitivity. The second set is called withdrawal symptoms. dysphoric mood, fatigue, vivid an unpleasant dreams, oversleeping or problems sleeping, increased in appetite, and psychomotor retardation or agitation.
Cocaine addiction is quite dangerous. It doesn’t just affect the user but also the people around him or her. It is best to contact the nearest treatment centers in your country to ensure the available options for recovery. This kind of drug addiction needs intensive and fast treatment. Who knows? The life you saved might be your own.
Cocaine drug addiction is very popular in the United States with statistics showing that 11% have tried it.