One should meet certain criteria in order for them to be diagnosed of having opium addiction. this is according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – Fourth Edition. The criteria should be meet are the following:
1. Demonstrating excessive or inappropriate use of opium.
2. Being preoccupied with obtaining or using opium.
3. Having an increased or decreased tolerance for opium.
4. Having trouble stopping or reducing your drug use once you start using opium, or stopping the use of opium for a while, only to begin using opium again.
5. Experiencing withdrawal symptoms when you discontinue or reduce your use of opium.
6. Proceeding to use opium even though it causes problems in your life.
7. Giving up important activities or losing relationships because of opium.
To be diagnosed of having an opium addiction, he or she should meet three out of seven of the above criteria.
The addiction to opium mostly involves evidence of getting dependent on opium physiologically. There should also be repeated problems as a result from the use of opium.
There is a maladaptive pattern on the use of opium that leads to at least three or more of the following:
1. The body’s tolerance on opium as defined by either
a. The need for a markedly increased quantity of opium to achieve the effect the user desires
b. A markedly reduced effect of opium as a result of the continued use of the same amount of the substance
2. There is withdrawal as apparent by either
a. The typical withdrawal syndrome for the substance opium
b. The similar or a highly related substance is taken in to allay or distance from withdrawal symptoms
3. Opium is usually taken in larger amounts or it is taken over a longer period than was intended
4. There is a persistent desire or the effort of unsuccessfully stopping or controlling the use of opium
5. There is a great deal of time spent in activities that are necessary to get hold of opium, use opium, or to recover from the effects of the drug
6. Activities that are important socially, occupationally, or recreationally are given up or trimmed down because of the use of opium
7. The using of opium is not stopped\discontinued despite having the knowledge of persistent or recurrent physical or psychological problems caused by the use of opium
Opium addiction is not so much different with any other kind of drug addiction. Like every kind of substance addiction, opium addiction also has a lot of many harmful consequences. These negative consequences comprise an extreme bad change in one’s behavior, slurring of one’s way of talking, lethargy or even coma, hallucinations or illusions, and attention and memory problems. As obviously observable, the drastic negative change in one’s behavior can often end up in chaos on the opium addicted individual and the people around him or her. In the problem that concerns opium addiction, it is very important t that one should act fast for its prevention.
The best thing to solve this problem of opium addiction is for an opium addict to go opium rehab. Behavioral treatments, cognitive treatments, and medical treatments are the major components that makes up opium rehab. Medical treatments work by way of utilizing prescribed drugs in order to counter the effects given of by opium. These prescribed drugs that counters the effect of opium can either be methadone or suboxone. On the other hand, behavioral and cognitive treatments are often used in combination to successfully cure the addiction to opium. These most of the time involve on motivating an individual in ending the use of opium. It also engages the substitution of use of opium as a way to cope up the stress of life while teaching them new ways in coping up. In addition, the behavioral and cognitive treatment of opium rehab also changes the rewards that comes with the use of the substance and enhances support of one’s family in order to eradicate opium addiction.
Opium rehab is necessary to take out an individual from the dangers of opium addiction.