Once in a while, occurrences in our lives disappoint us and make us sad. having a bad day could lead you to say “I feel so depressed.” Some people say that depression feels like a black curtain of despair coming down over their lives. Although feeling depressed once in our lives is normal, chronic depression occurs among people who are not able to recover from the normal cycle of sorrow. They are those individuals who have not coped up from stress.
Depression may be a state of mind but it is also connected to physical changes in our brain. It is said that depression could be caused by an imbalance of neurotransmitters that carry signals in the brain and nerves. Too much work from the stress respond system sends emotional centers of the brain into overdrive so that negative events make a disproportionate impact and hijack rational response systems. Literally, one cannot think clearly. It makes one ponder over and over about the difficulties and disappointments one encounter until that’s all one can focus on. The individual’s genes and environment can be both a caused of depression. To a big number of the population, depression is hereditary. They are inclined to be depressed even when faced with mild stress due to inherited causes. On the other hand, there are people who are not able to adjust to certain changes in their lives, like losing a loved one, or even when after getting married, get depressed. These individuals may not have hereditay depression but still they are prone to be depressed when they are not able to pull through from their cheerless moments. In addition, a negative personality characterized by a low self-esteem, and a negative outlook are at higher risk of becoming depressed. It is mentioned previously that being depressed is quite normal but this depression only goes for a short time. When depression prolongs, it could lead to other psychological disorders.
When you get depressed, you feel hopeless and sad. You may not feel any pleasure from almost anything you do. Others either lose or gain weight because of changes in appetite. There are those who cannot sleep at night while others would oversleep. Someone who is depressed can either be restless or exhausted that a little movement is a very great effort for them .
In taking a look at depression, one should also take into account diffrences in gender. More women get depressed than men. Reasons could be attributed to changes in the hormones of the body like puberty, menstruation, menopause, and pregnancy. However, records of men becoming depressed may come in small numbers because men less likely seek help when they are depressed. Men usually cover their condition with drugs or alcohol. On an interesting fact, a high number of men are seen to commit suicide due to depression. Elder people are also prone to becoming depressed. This can be probably due to the burden of having to adjust living alone while their children are having their own lives. Seeing themselves useless and unimportant could also lead older people to feel depression.
Depression doesn’t go away on its own. You must really do something. Today, there are a number of therapies and treatments available to treat depression. Supportive therapy aids relieve the pain of depression, and tackles the feelings of hopelessness. Cognitive therapy on the other hand, transforms the negative thinking, expectations, and negative self-evaluations that create depression and prolong. This treatment facilitates the person distinguish critical from minor problems and it helps the person to develop positive life goals and a more positive self-evaluation. Behavioral therapy allows the person to try solving certain problems in a more constructive way. This develops better coping skills. For better and faster recovery, these treatments may be combined.
Depression is more of state of mind than of biological basis. The person has control over his mind. The mind may be very powerful in instilling thoughts that could affect one’s judgment and outlook in life, but everyone is capable of deciding whether to allow these pessimistic to push them all away and choose to view the brighter side of life.