Using prohibited drugs is one of the biggest concerns in the society at present. It is very common among teenagers to engage such activity. Drug addiction could merely mean that a person needs a drug in order for him or her to function normally or to portray things the way he or she wanted it to be. It is a compulsive use of a substance despite the knowledge that continues in take of the drugs may cause negative or dangerous effects. There are variety of reasons why people continue to use these dangerous substances. It has not been found out yet as to what is the exact cause on why people get addicted. Yet, there are different citations for possible causes of drug dependence. The genes of the individual is considered to be a possible cause;, it will happen when a person has a high tolerance of drugs and become dependent with it to the level that he or she will not be contented with just a small dosage. On the other hand, peer pressure is also considered a possible reason as to why drug addiction occurs. Peer pressures may lead to substance in take. Emotional problem can also be a possible cause. People who are in distress, anxious and depress may choose to use drugs as their way of coping up for them to not remember the condition of emotional pain they presently feel. Lastly, the opportunity of environmental stress to occur when children grow up in a surrounding in which they can see individuals who are illicitly utilizing illegal drugs. These children might first observe their parents using drugs and later on in life their experiences at early years may put them at higher risk for developing an addiction. Also, it has been observed that people who are more likely to abuse or become dependent on drugs are those who have easy access to drugs, low self esteem or those that encounter problems with their current relationships, those who exist in a stressful lifestyle and for those individual who exist in a culture wherein drug use is highly accepted.
Opiates, Central nervous system (CNS) stimulants, Central Nervous System (CNS) depressants, Hallucinogens and Tetrahydrocannabinol(THC) are substances that are commonly used as an addictive drug by people across age, society and culture. Opiates and narcotics are said to be powerful and effective painkillers that cause drowsiness. These include heroin, opium, codeine, and oxycodone or oxycontin. Central nervous system depressants is comprise of barbiturates, benzodiazepines, chloral hydrate and paraldehyde. These substances produce a sedative and anxiety reducing effect which eventually leads to dependence. On the other hand, central nervous system (CNS) stimulants include amphetamines, cocaine, dextroamphetamine, methamphetamine, and methylphenidate or retalin. A stimulating effect is what makes this drug attractive to drug users where in succeeding use would lead to tolerance thus higher amount would be needed to achieve the effect which ultimately translate to drug addiction. Hallucinogens comprise of LSD, mescaline, psilocybin and phencyclidine or angel dust. From the word hallucinogens, the effects are quite obvious which is to make the users hallucinate.
There are different stages before one reaches the state drug addiction. Any person may use drugs which may not cause harm to then but others who uses prohibited drugs and develop dependence may result to destruction. It has been observed that young people of today seem to surpass more quickly through the stages of drug dependence. First is experimental use which usually involves peers and where being done simply for recreational purposes. Second stage is regular use wherein the user misses more important activities like school or work in order to give attention in the activity of using drugs. This certain stage would make the person to worry about the idea of losing drug source, uses drugs in order to fix negative feelings and begins to mingle individuals who are regular users of drug. Preoccupation happens on the third stage. All motivations is lost on this stage. He will not care anymore on his surroundings and will lost interests on important matters. The lasts stage is the occurring of dependence. This will happen when a person cannot face daily life without drugs and losses control when it comes to drugs.
It is important to know that despite the negative consequences and the difficulty of getting out from drug addiction, there is still possibility for things to be alright. One must seek the right help in order to achieve it.
Drug addiction happens on different stages.