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Psychiatric Disorders

“Men are not prisoners of fate, but only prisoners of their own minds.”- Franklin Delano Roosevelt.

It’s all in the mind. Indeed, whatever we think have a great influence on how we behave and that is usually the system. Everything starts with cognition, what comes next is action. But, what happens when the mind goes awry? This can mean that our behavior will function abnormally. The mind is a very powerful part of us that somehow, whatever it thinks becomes seemingly real for the individual when actually it is not. When this happens, our whole personality is affected and could have an impact in our lives as well as affect the people around us.

Psychiatric disorders are mental health disorder. Experts have seen significant psychological syndrome that happens on a person will always be associated with present sufferings such as a painful symptom, disability, or a significantly increased risk of death, pain, disability, or an important loss of freedom. Furthermore, this syndrome must not be merely an expected and culturally sanctioned response to a particular event. For example, the loss of a loved one. Some examples of mental illnesses are schizophrenia and major depressive disorder. One is diagnosed with psychiatrical disorder when one experiences the following symptoms: confusion; erratic behavior; hearing voices; hallucinations; headaches; depression; anxiety; fatigue; weight loss; anorexia. If a person has three or more of these symptoms, then he/she might have a psychiatric disorder.

Disorders of the mind do not show exact causes. However, a combination of biological, psychological, and environmental factors would contribute to the acquirement of certain mental disorders. Some biological factors include genetics, prenatal damage, and substance abuse. Substance abuse could affect the chemical balance in the brain which can lead to it’s dysfunction. And for some, psychiatric disorders are hereditary. Example, a person with schizophrenia is said to have a relative also having schizophrenia. Psychological and environmental factors may include abuse. Every individual’s experiences can impact his or her well being. If there are hurting experiences that was not repaired, it might lead to a mental disorder.

Psychiatrical disorders are treated with therapy- behaviors or cognitive, and medications. Antidepressants are used for individuals who have clinically depression and anxiety. Anxiolytics are used for anxiety disorders and other related disorders such as insomnia. Anxiolytics stabilizes moods for bipolar disorders and antipsychotic for psychotic disorders. In addition, electroconvulsive therapy is sometimes used in severe cases when other interventions for depression have failed. Creative therapies such as music, art, and drama therapy are also being used. Also, in line with the cognitive-behavioral treatment, lifestyle adjustments and supportive measures are used such as support groups.

Some disorders are transient and some may last a lifetime. Somehow, the given treatment will never take away the disorder but will only lessen the symptom to be able to make an individual live a normal life. Some disorders may be very limited in their parctiacl effects, while some may engage substantial disability and support needs.

People in all walks of life could be afflicted with a psychiatric disorder. Based on varying personalities, one could possibly build up a disorder of the mind depending on how he/she react to stimulus around his or her environment such as stressful events in one’s life. For example, a loss of a loved one is a traumatic yet natural phase in a person’s life. Almost everyone gets a chance to experience loss. A person’s natural reaction to loss is grieve, anger, pain, and other negative emotions. But everything has its limits. Thus, the pessimistic feeling soon subsides and is replaced with hope and strength so as the person tries to recover from the loss. On the other hand, when one’s negative emotion such as sadness does not subside, the diagnosis is different. When an emotion goes ahead to the dysfunction of the life of an individual, the individual is sure to need professional help. We can say that this individual has acquired a mental disorder due to not recovering from the loss.

Our own minds will always serve us our prison cells.As they say happiness is a state of mind; then so is sadness and all other emotions and cognitions that may lead us to losing our sanity.

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