The diagnosis of substance abuse is given when a person’s recurrent use of a substance results in significant harmful consequences. There are four categories of harmful consequences that suggest substance abuse. First, the individual fails to fulfill important obligations at work, school, or home. He or she may fail to show up at work or for classes, having difficulties of concentrating and therefore will result to poor performance, and possibly even get hold of the substance at work or at school. Second, the individual frequently uses the substance in situations in which it is physically hazardous to do so, such as while driving a car or a boat. Third, the individual repeatedly has legal problems as a result of substance use, such as arrests for the ownership of illegal substances or for drunk driving. Fourth, the individual carries on to use the substance, even though he or she has repeatedly had social or legal problems as a result of the use. To be able to qualify for a diagnosis of substance abuse, a person has to show repeated problems in at least one of these categories within a 12 month period . An evolution to dependence happens on the people that abuse a particular group of substances. In such cases, the diagnosis of substance dependence preempts the diagnosis of substance abuse, since dependence is considered a more advanced condition than abuse. However, there are those individuals that doesn’t become dependent despite years of abusing substances.
The way a substance is administered can be an important factor in determining how rapidly a person will become intoxicated and the likelihood that it will lead to substance abuse. A result of a more intense intoxication and a greater likelihood of dependence happens dependent upon the routes of administration that produce rapid and efficient absorption of the substance into the bloodstream . These include injecting the substance intravenously, smoking the substance, and snorting the substance. These routes of administration are also more likely to lead to overdose. Some substances act more quickly on the central nervous system and, thus, lead to faster intoxication; they are more likely to lead to dependence or abuse. Lastly, substance whose effects are longer lasting are less likely to lead to dependence or abuse rather than substances whose effects wear off quickly.
Everyone wants to stay away from these dangers and consequences of substance abuse. What is the best thing to do? The best thing to do is to let drug addicted individuals go through a drug rehab. The best answer would always be drug rehab. You can always inquire in the hospital near you regarding drug rehab services and how they can help you.