Cocaine is a white powder extracted from the coca plant and one of the most highly addictive substances known. There are different ways on how to use cocaine in order for its effects to be felt quickly. This includes snorting the powder and dissolving the powder in water then injecting it intravenously. During the 1970s, users developed a method for separating the most potent chemicals in cocaine by heating it with ether which paved its way for the appearance of freebase cocaine. This produced a cocaine base, or freebase, that is even more powerful. It is usually smoked in a water pipe or is mixed in a tobacco or marijuana cigarette. A form of free-base cocaine that is boiled down into tiny chunks, or rocks, which are usually smoked is known as crack.
Cocaine activates the ventral tegmental area and the nucleus accumbens, the areas of the brain that register reward and pleasure. Normally, when a pleasurable event occurs, dopamine is released into the synapses in these areas of the brain and then binds to receptors on neighboring synapses. A pleasurable feeling is maintained when the dopamine is accumulated in the synapse when cocaine is taken in because cocaine blocks the reuptake of dopamine into the transmitting neuron .
Feelings of great self-esteem, alertness, energy, and a general feeling of competence, creativity, and social acceptability happens after the initial sense of euphoria produced by the taken in of cocaine. Users often do not feel drugged. A feeling of becoming the person they always wanted to be happens instead. Cocaine produces feelings of grandiosity, impulsiveness, hypersexuality, compulsive behavior, agitation, and anxiety, reaching the point of panic and paranoia when taken in very heavy dosage. Feelings of exhaustion and depression happens after stopping the use of the substance which is often followed by sleeping for long amounts of time. Users also feel an intense craving for more of the substance, both for its physiological and its psychological effects.
Many cocaine abusers and dependents started with heavy alcohol or marijuana use and then graduated to harder substances, including cocaine. The extraordinarily rapid and powerful effects of cocaine on the brain’s reward centers, however, seem to create this substance more likely than most illegitimate substances to result in patterns of abuse and dependence, even with people who have never been heavy users of any other substances.
The continued rise of different crimes has been often blamed on the using of cocaine. By letting the addict to go through a drug rehab, the problems brought about by cocaine addiction is slowly being rid. As cocaine addiction is on the rise, different drug rehab centers have been sprouting in order to help the cocaine problem. Victims of cocaine dependency and addiction are being helped by several established treatment and drug rehab programs. Medical treatment and cognitive-behavioral therapies are being provided to these patients. Moreover, the problem of addiction and dependency does not stop with the elimination of the drug intake. It goes as far as teaching the patient a new life free from drugs. Other treatment programs include opening of old wounds that might have caused the addiction. This is attributed to the fact that there are cases wherein physical and sexual abuse have been associated to drug dependency. When people couldn’t seem to handle such stressful events, they tend to resort to certain behaviors that may allow them to escape the mere thought of the undesirable experience, which is craving for the euphoric feeling given by drugs.
Cocaine is a highly addictive drug which causes many bad effects so that drug rehab is very essential to eradicate the problems of cocaine addiction.